What Causes Alzheimer’s disease!!!

Alzheimer's Disease Health

Alzheimer’s disease is a neurological disorder that causes the brain cells to degenerate and die, which causes memory loss and cognitive decline. Alzheimer’s disease is a physical medical condition that affects the brain. It is the most common cause of dementia, which is a continuous decline in thinking, social skills, behavior, and other mental abilities. Dementia disrupts someone’s ability to function independently. 

Our brain is made up of billions of nerve cells that connect to each other. When you have Alzheimer’s disease, the connections between the cells are lost. The loss of connection is caused by proteins that build up and form abnormal structures known as plaques and tangles. Because of the plaques and tangles, your nerve cells die and you lose brain tissue. Also, there are important chemicals in your brain that help send signals between cells, but when you have Alzheimer’s disease, you have less of these ‘chemical messengers.’ As a result, the signals between cells are not passed on. The damage often starts in the region of your brain that controls memory and the process can begin years before you experience the first symptoms. The loss of neurons spreads to other parts of your brain in a predictable pattern. When the disease reaches its later stages, the brain will shrink significantly.

It is still not fully understood why Alzheimer’s disease happens, so the exact cause is still largely unknown. Scientist believes that Alzheimer’s disease is majorly caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors that affect the brain. Less than 1% of cases are caused by specific genetic changes. Although it is still unclear why the disease can occur, some factors will make you more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease. these factors include:

  • Age. Old age is the most common risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease. Some people thought that developing Alzheimer’s is a natural part of aging and it is important to know that Alzheimer’s is not a normal part of aging. However, your likelihood of developing the disease does increase as you age. 
  • Family history or genetic. If your parent or sibling has Alzheimer’s disease, your chance of developing the disease is higher. It is still unexplained how Alzheimer’s disease among families can happen. People with Down’s syndrome also have a higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease due to a difference in genetic makeup. In people with Down syndrome, Alzheimer’s disease can appear 10 to 20 years earlier than the general population.
  • Gender. The exact reason how gender can affect the chance of Alzheimer’s is unknown. However, there are around twice as many women as men over 65 who have Alzheimer’s. Some possible explanations are because women tend to live longer than men and because Alzheimer’s in women can be linked to the loss of hormone estrogen after menopause. 
  • Post head trauma. If you have had severe trauma in your head, you have a greater risk of Alzheimer’s. 
  • Poor lifestyle choices. Poor sleep patterns, poor diet, alcohol abuse, lack of exercise, smoking cigarettes (and exposure to second-hand smoke).
  • Health Problems are known to increase the risk of Alzheimer’s and vascular dementia. These medical problems include stroke, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure (hypertension), obesity, and heart problems. Also, untreated depression can lead to Alzheimer’s. 

Although most of those risk factors are not preventable, you can modify your lifestyle habits to lower the risk of developing Alzheimer’s. 

  • Eat a diet of whole-foods that is fresh and low in saturated fat 
  • Exercise regularly 
  • Manage your high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes
  • Try to quit smoking
  • Participate in social events, dance, read, play board games, create art, play an instrument, and do other things that require mental and social engagement.

Alzheimer’s disease is progressive, meaning it will gradually damage more parts of your brain over time. The earliest sign of the disease is having difficulty remembering recent conversations and events. It may also be hard for you to remember things and organize your thoughts. As your disease progress, these memory impairments worsen and other symptoms start to develop. The first person to notice that your symptoms have got worse is usually a family member or a friend. Symptoms that occur as the disease progresses include:

  • Forgetting appointments or significant dates
  • Getting lost in a familiar place
  • Forgetting a friend’s name
  • Struggling to find the right word in a conversation
  • Losing items around the house
  • Struggling to follow a conversation
  • Seeing things in judging distances or in three dimensions
  • Struggling with decision making, problem-solving, and carrying out a sequence of tasks
  • Becoming confused and losing track of the day

In the first stages of the disease, you will experience changes in your mood. You may feel depressed, anxious, or easily annoyed. Some people also lose interest in joining activities, doing their hobbies, or talking to people. These changes can be really difficult for you or the people you are close to.

In the later stages of the disease, problems with memory, language, orientation, and reasoning get worse. You may also need day-to-day support. Some people in the later stages start having delusions and hallucinations. Many people also behave in strange ways that are not normal for them. As the disease gets worse, you may become less aware of what is happening around you, have difficulties walking or eating without help, and become frailer. 

The diagnosis of Alzheimer’s usually includes self-reporting of symptoms along with information from a close family member or friend. Your doctor will likely perform a physical and neurological exam to test your reflexes, ability to walk across the room, muscle tone and strength, sense of sight and hearing, balance, and coordination. Your doctor may also do some blood tests such as MRI, CT scan, and PET scan. 

Currently, Alzheimer’s disease has no cure. However, there are some treatments that will help people with the disease. Medication can help with memory symptoms as well as other cognitive changes. The medications include:

  • Cholinesterase InhibitorsThese drugs preserve a chemical messenger that is depleted in your brain to boost your levels of cell-to-cell communication. They also improve neuropsychiatric symptoms.
  • Memantine (Namenda)This drug slows the progression of symptoms and works in the cell communication network. Sometimes, your doctor will use the drug in combination with cholinesterase inhibitors. 

Other than drugs, there are also natural treatments to help with Alzheimer’s. These natural treatments are creating a supportive and safe environment for the person with Alzheimer’s disease. If you are a family member, you need to adapt to the living situation of the person with Alzheimer’s. You can keep their medications in a secure location, keep valuables in a safe place, arrange Bills to be on automatic payment, or make sure the person with Alzheimer’s carries identification and wears a medical alert bracelet.

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What Causes Gastrointestinal Problems!!!

Gastrointestinal Health

The gastrointestinal tract is a series of organs that are from our mouth to our anus, including the mouth, esophagus, stomach, large intestine, small intestine, and rectum. Together with the accessory organs of digestion, such as the liver, pancreas, and gallbladder, our gastrointestinal tract makes up our digestive system. These organs are supplied by an extensive network of blood vessels, which also transport nutrients to other organs in our bodies. The function of our digestive system is regulated by nerves and hormones. Also, the bacteria that reside in our gastrointestinal tract play a part in immunity, digestion, and our overall health. Our digestive system organs are held in place by a membranous sac known as the peritoneum.

Numerous conditions can affect our gastrointestinal tract and have an impact on our digestion or overall health. The conditions may range from mild to serious. Some conditions may have similar symptoms and causes, which means further investigation is required before your doctor can make a diagnosis. The first and most common signs of gastrointestinal problems usually include bloating, shingles, constipation, heartburn, diarrhea, bleeding, nausea, vomiting, swallowing problems, abdominal pain, and weight gain or weight loss. There are numerous causes of gastrointestinal problems. However, the most common causes are as follows.

  • Enzyme deficiencies, which is a condition when your intestines lack enzymes to metabolize certain foods, such as grains, beans, or milk. Without some enzymes, the food remains undigested and you feed the ravenous bacteria in your intestine. As a result, you experience a lot of intestinal dilation and you produce a lot of gas. The most common problem caused by enzyme deficiency is lactose intolerance.
  • Psychological responses. You can develop food aversions. For instance, you had meat for dinner one night and it caused you to vomit. The Pavlovian response will associate meat with the bad after-effect.
  • General gastrointestinal problems, such as irritable bowel syndrome are caused by a sensitive nerve that leads to inflammation in your intestinal walls. 

Gastrointestinal problems can be divided into two categories: functional gastrointestinal disorder and structural gastrointestinal disorder. To understand more about the cause of gastrointestinal problems, let’s take a look at both categories.

Functional gastrointestinal disorders

With functional gastrointestinal disorders, your gastrointestinal tract may look normal but does not work properly. These are the most common problems that affect the gastrointestinal tract, including the colon and the rectum. Various factors can upset the gastrointestinal tract and its ability to keep moving. These factors include:

  • Sedentary lifestyle or not enough exercise
  • Following a diet low in fiber
  • Eating dairy products in large amounts
  • Changes in routine
  • Traveling
  • Stress
  • Resisting the need to have a bowel movement
  • Resisting the need to have a bowel movement because of pain from hemorrhoids
  • Taking certain medicines, such as antidepressants, strong pain medicines, iron pills, as well as antacid medicines that contain aluminum or calcium.
  • Overusing laxatives
  • Pregnancy.

Two of the most common examples are constipation and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). When you have constipation, it is hard for you to have bowel movements, meaning your colon can’t pass stools through the rest of your digestive tract. The bowel movements are also infrequent (less than 3 times a week) or incomplete. Constipation is often caused by inadequate fiber in your diet or a disruption in your regular diet or routine. Constipation can cause abdominal pain and bloating. It also causes you to strain during a bowel movement, which leads to small and hard stools as well as anal problems such as hemorrhoids and fissures.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a condition that occurs when the colon muscle contracts more often than normal. It is usually triggered by certain food, emotional stress, and medicines. IBS can cause excess gas, abdominal pain, cramps, bloating, as well as changes in bowel habits, such as harder and looser stools. 

Structural gastrointestinal disorders

With structural gastrointestinal disorders, your bowel looks abnormal and does not work properly. In some severe cases, the abnormality many need to be removed with surgery. Some of the most common structural gastrointestinal disorders are inflammatory bowel disease, diverticular disease, colon polyps, and colon cancer.

  • Diverticular disease is the formation of diverticula (tiny pockets) in the lining of the bowel. These tiny pockets can be pea-sized or much bigger. They are formed by increased pressure on the intestinal walls by waste, gas, and liquid. These tiny pockets are often found in the lower portion of the sigmoid colon. Diverticular disease can occur suddenly. The symptoms include constipation and diarrhea, painful cramps, chills, fever, and tenderness in the lower abdomen.
  • Colon polyps are small clumps of cells that form within the lining of the colon. They can develop into colon cancer over time and usually don’t cause any symptoms. However, some people experience a change in stool color, rectal bleeding, iron deficiency anemia, and pain. Colon polyps most likely occur on people who are 50 or older, overweight, smoke cigarettes or have a family or personal history of colon polyps.
  • Colon cancer is cancer that occurs in the large intestine (colon). It often begins as noncancerous polyps. The symptoms include rectal bleeding, blood in the stool, persistent change in bowel habits (such as constipation or diarrhea), fatigue, weakness, abdominal pain, and unexplained weight loss. 
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic swelling that can affect one or more parts of your gastrointestinal tract. It has two types: ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. it can cause abdominal pain, fatigue, diarrhea, loss of appetite, rectal bleeding, night sweat, unexplained weight loss, and incomplete bowel movements. 


Gastrointestinal problems, both functional and structural, can be serious and complicated. If you continue to experience the digestive problem, it is best to make an appointment with a gastroenterologist as soon as possible. A gastroenterologist specializes in diagnosing as well as treating diseases that occur in the digestive system. Some signs that your gastrointestinal problem is serious or an emergency medical problem include continuous vomiting, bloody stools, sweating, severe abdominal cramps, and sudden weight loss.

However, when you experience the problem, don’t be shy and get yourself diagnosed since they can turn out to be something serious. Many gastrointestinal problems can be minimized by practicing good bowel habits, attending cancer screening, reducing stress, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

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What Causes Headaches!!

Headaches Health

Most people experience headaches at some point in their life. In fact, it is the most common medical complaint in the world as it can affect anyone of any age, gender, and race. Some headaches can be more complicated than what people think. Headaches are caused by several reasons, have different types with their own set of symptoms, and need different treatments. It is important to know the cause and the type of headache to help your doctor find the right treatment for you.

A headache can happen in any part of your head, including both sides of your head or in just one location. Although most headaches are not a result of a serious illness, it can result from a life-threatening condition that will need emergency care. Headaches are categorized by cause, including:

Primary Headache is a stand-alone illness caused directly by the problems with or overactivity of the pain-sensitive spots in your head, including the blood vessels, nerves, and muscles on the head and neck. Primary headaches may also result from chemical activity in your brain. Also, some people carry genes that make them more prone to develop a primary headache.

A primary headache is not a symptom of an underlying medical condition. The most common primary headaches are:

  • Migraine
  • Tension headache
  • Cluster headache
  • Migraine with aura
  • Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia (TAC).

There are also a few headaches patterns that are considered as primary headaches but are generally less common. These headaches usually have distinct features, including pain associated with a certain activity. However, they could be a symptom of an underlying medical condition even though they’re considered primary. These headaches are:

  • Chronic daily headaches (such as chronic migraine or hemicranias continua)
  • Exercise headaches
  • Cough headaches
  • Sex headaches.

Lifestyle factors can also trigger some primary headaches, such as:

  • Stress
  • Skipped meals
  • Certain food (for instance, processed meats that contain a lot of nitrates)
  • Poor posture
  • Alcohol, especially red wine
  • Lack of sleep.

Secondary headaches are symptoms that occur when a disease activates the pain-sensitive nerves in the head. There are a number of conditions that have a great variation of severity that can cause secondary headaches. To put it simply, secondary headaches are a result of another cause. Different factors can result in secondary headaches, including:

  • Arterial tears
  • Alcohol-induced hangover
  • Blood clot
  • Brain AVM (arteriovenous malformation)
  • Brain tumor
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Dehydration
  • Dental problems
  • Encephalitis (inflammation of the brain)
  • Glaucoma
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Infection of the ear
  • Influenza (flu)
  • Meningitis
  • Monosodium glutamate (MSG)
  • Post-concussion syndrome
  • Stroke

Since all of most secondary headaches are a result of other diseases, you will need to get medical help to treat them, especially if they become more painful and are accompanied by other symptoms, such as fever, stiffness in the neck, sensory changes, and confusion. Secondary headaches can also result from other things, such as ice cream headaches (brain freeze) and medication overuse headaches (such as pain medication). 

There are also various different types of headaches. The most common types are:

  • Tension headaches, which is the most common type of primary headache. This type of headaches usually begins slowly and gradually. You may feel a constant and dull ache on both sides of your head, pain spread to/from your neck, and as if you have a tight band around your head. Tension headaches can be chronic or episodic. Episodic attacks occur for a few hours to several days, while chronic headaches happen for 15 or more days every month for a minimum of 3 months.
  • Migraines usually cause a throbbing and pulsating pain that happens on one side of your head. It usually accompanied by light-headedness, blurred vision, nausea, and sensory disturbances (auras). A migraine can last for a few hours to several days (usually 2 to 3 days). It often begins at puberty, but mostly affects those who are between 35 and 45 years old.
  • Cluster headaches happen suddenly once a day to eight times a day over a period of weeks to months. this type of headaches can occur between 15 minutes to 3 hours. If you have cluster headaches, you may feel severe pain in one side of your head. The pain is often described as burning or sharp and usually located around one eye. 
  • Rebound headaches, also known as medication overuse headache (MOH), are the results of excessive use of medication. These are the most common cause of secondary headaches. Rebound headaches usually begin early in the day and persist throughout the rest of the day. It can also cause reduced sleep quality, restlessness, and neck pain. 
  • Thunderclap headaches are sudden and severe. Most people describe these types of headaches as the “worst headache of their life.” The headache is secondary, meaning it’s a result of life-threatening conditions, such as meningitis, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS), and aneurysms.

The most common way to treat headaches is by using pain relief medication and taking some rest. You can get generic pain relief medication over the counter (OTC) or from your doctor. If you see a doctor, make sure you follow your doctor’s advice because if you overuse pain relief medication, you can experience rebound headaches instead of treating your headache.

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The Immune System And Allergic Reactions

Allergic Reactions Blog Health

Allergies can happen to anyone at any stage of life. It happens when the immune system creates antibodies to fight off viruses and bacteria, to prevent you from getting sick. The immune system has a very important job, which is to defend your body from dangerous invaders. Sometimes, it overreacts and starts fighting substances that aren’t harmful to most people (known as allergens), such as peanuts, pollen, dust mites, or medicines. When this happens, it’s called an allergic reaction. 

There are numerous symptoms of an allergic reaction, some people sneeze, others get rashes or vomit. The reaction may affect only a small area of the body (such as itchy eyes), but it can also affect the entire body (such as hives). What you’re allergic to determine the symptoms. Parts of the body that will react are usually the nose, skin, mouth, eye, and digestive system. Allergies have many types, some of the most common ones are:

  • Medicine allergies, such as penicillin, sulfa medicines, vaccines, seizure medicines, and some blood pressure medicines.
  • Food allergies are more common in children than in any other age group. Many people are allergic to shrimp, shellfish, peanut, eggs, milk, and soy.
  • Allergies to insect venom happen when a person is stung by an insect (particularly bees), the poisons and toxins in the insect’s venom enter your system.
  • Allergies to animals usually cause breathing problems. People can be allergic to the cat’s fur or dog’s saliva. 
  • Allergies to cosmetics, such as henna tattoos and hair extensions.
  • Seasonal allergies usually happen at the same time every year and are mostly caused by exposure to pollens from trees and grasses.

An allergic reaction may not occur the first time your body comes into contact with an allergen. First-time exposure usually produces only a mild reaction, while repeated exposures can lead to more serious reactions. Once you have come into contact with an allergen, even a very small amount of that allergen can trigger a severe reaction. An allergic reaction is sometimes unpredictable. It ranges from mild to life-threatening depending on how much of the allergen gets into your system and the way your body responds. The most severe form of allergy is called anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock. The reaction occurs only minutes after exposure and can lead to loss of consciousness, cardiac arrest, respiratory distress, and death. 

Mild to moderate allergic reactions can normally be treated with home remedies and over-the-counter medications (OTC). Although the reaction is mild, you need to stay calm because anxiety can make symptoms a lot worse. Try to identify the allergen, and once you find out what it is, stay away and avoid further contact with it. Most symptoms can be reduced by antihistamines, which come in several forms to make it easier to consume. You can have antihistamines in the form of oral pills, nasal sprays, liquid, eye drops, and dissolvable tablets. Other medications such as nasal decongestants and anti-inflammatory medications may also help reduce pain, cramping, and swelling caused by allergies. 

While mild allergic reactions can be treated by OTC, severe allergic reactions need immediate medical attention. If you suspect that you have a severe allergy, you should speak to a professional. A doctor or a specialist is able to prescribe medications that contain much stronger doses than OTC products, and by consulting to a professional, you can have emergency medicine on hand. When you’re with someone who is experiencing anaphylaxis, you should call 911 immediately and help the person lie on their back. If they’re vomiting or bleeding, turn them on their side. If needed, check if they have epinephrine (adrenaline) auto-injector (EpiPen) and help them to use it. 

It is important to identify if you have an allergic reaction or not because when you know what kind of allergy you have, you can always take precautions. The more control you have of being exposed to allergens, the less likely you will have an allergic reaction. If you have a severe allergy, make sure to let your family and friends know and tell them where you keep your EpiPen. 

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I have No Energy And Do I Suffer From Fatigue?

Blog Fatigue Health

People complain about being tired all the time and sometimes, we feel like we have no energy and no motivation. We usually know the reason why we are tired, especially when we have a cold or flu, and with taking a little time to rest and a few good nights’ sleep, we are able to get over it quickly. However, if you’re wondering why you are continually fatigued for a long period of time, do not feel motivated to do anything at all, struggle to do activities that you usually find easy, and you do not see any obvious reason for it, it might be a serious problem. This kind of ongoing fatigue can negatively impact your family life, make it hard for you to be productive at work and keep you from being social, and it can stop you from enjoying your life.

People often mistake sleepiness as fatigue. Although it’s true that poor sleep can cause fatigue, the two are actually very different. Sleepiness happens when you do not have enough good sleep. It can be a sign of medical conditions that interferes with sleep, such as sleep apnea or insomnia. Sleepiness is likely to be short term and generally can be solved by getting regular nighttime sleep. Nevertheless, poor sleep can also cause fatigue.

Fatigue is a feeling of constant tiredness and lack of energy; it involves a physical and mental state of being exceptionally tired. Although it is described as tiredness, it is not as simple as just feeling drowsy or sleepy. Indeed, it is similar to how you feel when you missed a lot of sleep or when you have flu, but with fatigue, you have unexplained and persistent exhaustion. When you suffer from fatigue, you often wake up feeling drained despite sleeping well. Fatigue is often linked to medical conditions or health problems. It can also be its own chronic condition known as chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME).

There are two types of fatigue: Physical and mental. They are not the same, but they can occur together. Physical fatigue is when a person finds it physically hard to do the things that they normally would find easy, while mental fatigue is when a person finds it harder to concentrate on things and have trouble staying awake at work. Physical exhaustion can lead to mental fatigue and vice versa.

Fatigue can be caused by a combination of factors, particularly unhealthy lifestyle, psychology, and medical conditions.


  • Lifestyle: There is a wide range of lifestyle habits that can lead to fatigue. Lack of sleep or too much sleep are all common causes of tiredness. Typically, adults need about seven to eight hours of sleep, but there are many people who try to get by on fewer hours or stay in bed for too long. Having too much caffeine and alcohol can also be the cause as they slow down or stimulate the nervous system, which can disturb your normal sleep patterns. Additionally, other lifestyle factors such as lack of exercise and poor diet can also cause and worsen fatigue.
  • Psychological: Fatigue can result from psychological issues, and this factor is present in at least 50% of fatigue cases. It includes depression, anxiety, stress, grief, eating disorder, boredom, divorce, and drug abuse. Anxiety and stress overstimulate the body with a constant flood of adrenaline that exhausts the body.
  • Medical: A number of diseases and treatments trigger fatigue. Cancer, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, fibromyalgia, obesity, weakened the immune system, and anemia can cause fatigue. It can also be a sign of infection, such as malaria, infectious mononucleosis, tuberculosis, hepatitis, and HIV (to name a few).


The main symptom of fatigue is extreme exhaustion. The signs can be physical, emotional, and mental. Most of the time, these symptoms can’t be felt right away. They may appear several hours after any activity. The most common signs are:

  • Lack of motivation and apathy
  • Constant headache, dizziness, or nausea
  • Gastrointestinal problems such as bloating and constipation
  • Irritability and moodiness
  • Sensitivity to colder temperatures
  • Muscle or joint pain
  • Unexplained weight loss.

If you’re feeling any of the things stated above, and you’re not sure what caused them, it is best to make an appointment with your doctor. Your doctor may run some diagnostic tests that will help diagnose an underlying cause. These tests varied from urine tests, imaging scans, and blood tests.

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Reduce Sugar In Your Diet

Blog Diet Sugar

Sugar is often linked to happy foods such as ice creams and cakes. The truth is, you probably have some kind of sugar in your daily diet, whether it is in your breakfast cereal or in the marinara sauce of your favorite cuisine. Sugar is sneaky, and you can find it nearly everywhere, in fruits, vegetables, grains, milk, cookies, or pastries. It is hidden in numerous foods and goes by a lot of names such as sucrose, glucose, corn syrup, maltose, raw sugar, dextrose, cane sugar, malt extract, molasses, or fruit juice concentrate.

So if sugar can be found in almost every food, what should you do to reduce sugar in your diet?

First, you need to understand that not all sugar is bad. Natural sugar is an important source of carbohydrates. It can be found in fruit and vegetables (known as fructose) as well as in dairy products (known as lactose), and it is said that natural sugar is less of a health issue. A high intake of it has even shown to reduce the risk of chronic diseases

The kind of sugar you need to watch for and be extra careful of is added sugar. It comes from processed and pre-packaged foods to enhance the flavors or texture. You can easily find added sugars in almost every product in any supermarket aisle. It is in soft drinks, chocolates, sauces, a glass of lemonade, and even in non-fat yogurt. Like it or not, even the ones that claim to have “No Sugar Added” can contain tons of sugar with no actual beneficial nutrients. Those healthy phrases can possibly be just fancy buzzwords that savvy marketers use to sell their products, which can be very confusing if you are planning to cut down on your sugar intake and optimize your health. 

It is undeniable that for most of us, sugar is delicious and it makes us feel good. While many experts agree that a certain amount of sugar is okay, having too much of it is one of the worst things you can do for your body. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the recommended limit for your daily dose of sugar should be under 10 percent of physical calories which equals a maximum of 10 teaspoons per day for the average adult, but many people consume way more than the recommended level. 

Indulging in a small amount of sugar like in a spread of jam or a single donut is absolutely fine. But if you’re likely to binge and stuff yourself as soon as you get a taste of it, then you’re doing something terrible to your precious body. Consuming too much added sugar can mess with your metabolism, which can make you hungry and craving more sugar. Not only it will increase the risk of unhealthy weight gain, obesity, acne, and dental issues, but it will also increase your risk in dying from diabetes, heart disease, cancer, and other chronic illness.  

Yes, sugar consumption is a very hard and tricky thing to control, but there are some diet tweaks you can do to stay healthy. The rule is to always stick to real, single-ingredient food and get away from processed foods that are high in sugar. 

  • Ditch sweetened beverages completely, including soft drinks and store-bought fruit juices. We all know how refreshing a can of soda is, but take note that one 12-ounce can of soda contains 9.75 teaspoons of sugar. Store-bought fruit juice is also not as decent as it sounds since it can be loaded with a lot of sugar. Instead, drink water and choose whole fruit. 
  • Limit your consumption of sweets and baked goods. Candies, cookies, and cakes tend to be made with a generous amount of added sugar. No, you don’t have to cut them all together, just limit them to at least once a week. For the rest of the week, if you have a bad case of sweet-tooth, satisfy yourself with dates or fresh fruit.
  • Avoid low-fat or diet foods. Contrary to popular belief, foods that have had the fat removed are actually very high in sugar despite having lower calories.
  • Know that savory food does not equal sugar-free because sugar is a flavor enhancer as well as a preservative. Dressings, mustard, tomato sauce, and chips can possibly have added sugar. 
  • Be a smart shopper. Don’t just buy whatever sounds healthy from the supermarket. Always read the ingredients or nutrition labels. Remember the many names of sugar, avoid packaged foods that contain sugar in the first 3 ingredients, and put down any packaged food that contains more than one type of sugar.
  • Trade your refined sugar with natural sweetener but be aware that those fancy and healthier forms of sweetener are also sugar. Honey, maple syrup, and agave nectar are sugar. While it can be an alternative to refined sugar, don’t be tricked into thinking that having a high intake of something sweetened with honey is okay or good for your health.


The bottom line is that reducing sugar in your diet can result in a healthy, active, and happy lifestyle. It is important to figure out the right sugar intake for you since what works for other people might not work for you. At the end of the day, adjusting you’re eating habits can be very hard. So when you have some really bad sugar cravings, just remember that sugar might be sweet, but what it does to your body can be bitter.

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5 Incredible Benefits of a Lifting Facial with Facial Massage

Facial Massage Health

A facial massage is a beauty routine or beauty treatment popular in western countries, slowly finding its way throughout the world. It is known to slow down the aging process and achieve healthier and younger-looking skin. During a facial massage, your therapist would use various products through gentle stimulating strokes to exfoliate and hydrate your skin. Regular facial massages can drastically improve the quality of your skin.


Facial massage has slowly found its way into every woman’s beauty routine. Aside from pampering and relaxation, a facial therapeutic is age-defying and useful, as it can help keep the facial skin looking smooth, firm and young. If one has to list some benefits of this famous beauty routine, they can be presented as:


  •   Keeps your facial muscles firm: Taking time to massage and stimulate your facial muscles is as important as any fitness routine for the rest of your body. Facial massage stimulates the production of blood and collagen in the skin. Regular facial and toning sessions would help to tighten and lift your facial muscles. This, in turn, would help prevent sagging and give the surface a more youthful glow. It increases the blood flow to the face which will give the skin a healthy glow. 


  •   Improves circulation and reduces congestion – Having a fast lifestyle has its impact on our health and appearance. Application of too many cosmetics, air travel, smoking, and lack of sleep all affect the circulation in our face. This, in turn, makes your face look pale and puffy. Facial massage is a great way to eliminate puffiness. It helps increase blood circulation, which provides oxygen and nutrients. By stimulating the lymphatic system, excess fluid can be worked out. By improving drainage, a facial massage can help relieve congestion.


  •   Prevents wrinkles and relieves inflamed skin conditions. As one gets older, constant tension and daily stress cause involuntary tightening in the face, which in turn causes wrinkles. Facial massages can help relax these tight muscles, thereby reducing the appearance of lines and wrinkles. Regular facial massages with regular moisturizing will help lessen the appearance of wrinkles. Light manipulation on the skin increases blood flow and oxygen supply which helps healing inflamed skin conditions like acne and rosacea. It helps expel toxins that are usually responsible for acne breakouts and other such skin conditions.


  •   Relieves stress and headaches: Anxiety and stress cause our facial muscles to become tense, and with time it would affect your appearance. It can even cause facial aches and pains. There are different pressure points in the face. Just by stimulating these pressure points through soft strokes, tension and stress can be relieved. As stress is often a contributing factor for tension headaches, migraines, and cluster headaches, taking time out to have a facial massage on a regular basis would help decrease the frequency of these headaches.


  •   Look younger: Regular facial treatments that incorporate some form of muscle stimulation through massage anywhere from one a month to every two weeks surely would help stimulate blood flow and leave a youthful, glowing complexion. The type of facial treatments required should be determined depending on the condition of your skin, age, budget and skincare goals.


In recent times medical tourism is in vogue where people visit places in the world to get treatments that are best available around the World. Getting a Facial Lift enhances you to look more confident and beautiful. A visit to the Healthy Skin Clinic in Phuket will give you amazing results.


As far as maintaining the skin health of your body, including some ingredients like Hyaluronic acid serum works wonders on your skin and is an excellent choice for any complexion. It acts as a powerful tool for hydration and helps in retaining the moisture, thereby enhancing the radiation of the skin. It replenishes the skin and gives beautiful results. Follow a nighttime routine for the best results. Consistency is the keyword. Even after your regular facial massages and skin treatments do not miss out a day to follow your skincare routine for best results.  For healthy skin ensure you drink enough water and keep oneself hydrated. Eat fresh fruit and vegetables on a daily basis. 

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Patients With Passports In Singapore

Medical Tourism

The Healthcare System in Singapore

In the year 2014, Bloomberg named Singapore as having the most efficient healthcare system in the world. Medical centers and hospitals in Singapore are mostly public and government facilities, while a few are privately owned with advanced facilities.

Furthermore, the Singapore health care system is positioned in 6th place in the World Health Ranking, with its growing medical tourism.

Singapore has some of the world’s best hospitals and healthcare facilities which provide patients with the most modern and advanced medical procedures. Furthermore, the nation has around 21 JCI or Joint Commission International accredited hospitals and clinics that attract a large number of medical tourists annually. Some Singaporean hospitals also boast international accreditation such as OHSAS and ISO.

Other than international accreditation, Singaporean health facilities also have local certifications from the Singaporean Ministry of Health, SAC or Singaporean Accreditation Council, Singapore Laboratory Accreditation System and the Singapore Health Promotion Board, ensuring that patients will only have the best and quality treatments and procedures.

Meanwhile, doctors and physicians have obtained education and training from well-known centers all over the world. Thus, it is quite easy to converse with medical practitioners and staff in English. Also, doctors and medical practitioner’s practices and standards in Singapore are regulated by the Singapore Nursing Board, Singapore Medical Council, Singapore Dental Board, Laboratory Board, and Pharmacy Board.

Treatment Costs in Singapore

Despite the advanced and state-of-the-art healthcare facilities and equipment that Singapore has to offer, medical care is of good value when compared to other developed countries.

And even though the healthcare costs in Singapore is a bit costlier than in other Asian nations such as Thailand and India, it is significantly cheaper and cost-effective (30 – 80 percent lower) than the treatment costs in western countries such as the UK and the US, but you will get the same top quality treatment in Singapore that you will get from other developed countries.

Top Medical Procedures in Singapore


  • Orthopedic Procedures


Skeletal and bone procedures in Singapore, such as knee replacement, hip replacement, spinal surgery pediatric orthopedics, deformity correction surgery, limb lengthening, meniscectomy, and ACL reconstruction, are usually preferred by medical tourists mainly because of lower costs.


  • Cardiac Procedures


Singapore offers relatively low-cost cardiac procedures than other developed nations, attracting a number of patients from the US and European countries. Procedures include CABG, valve replacement, pacemaker implant, coronary angioplasty, open heart surgery. Aortic valve replacement and defibrillator implant.


  • Cosmetic Surgery


Singapore is famous for advanced and affordable cosmetic surgery techniques. Aesthetic procedures such as tummy tuck, eyelid surgery, breast lift, and reduction, facelift, liposuction, and rhinoplasty are quite popular procedure choices in Singapore.


  • Dental Care


Another common specialty in Singapore is high-quality dentistry. This may include simple procedures such as dental braces, crowns, bridges, dentures, fillings, veneers to complicated procedures such as oral surgery, maxillofacial surgery, cleft lip repair surgery, cleft palate repair surgery, and periodontics.


  • Ophthalmology


Owing to advanced technology and lower costs, Singapore is highly attractive to medical tourists that seek ophthalmic procedures such as cataract surgery, glaucoma, vitrectomy, LASIK, retinoblastoma, PRK, retinal detachment, phacoemulsification surgery, intraocular lens implant and more.

Other than the above-mentioned procedures and treatment, Singapore also offers patients other specialties such as non-invasive rejuvenation procedures, oncology, neurology, and pediatrics.

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Patients With Passports In Malaysia

Medical Tourism

Malaysia is a beautiful country located in Southeast Asia and offers you a perfect mix of natural beauty and luxury. This country, which is visited by millions of tourists each year, is also a market leader in the medical tourism sector that mainly caters to Asian health travelers.

Medical Tourism in Malaysia

According to APHM or the Association of Private Hospitals of Malaysia, the majority of medical tourists in Malaysia come from Indonesia because of the superior quality of treatment and care that this country offers. The same reason also attracts health tourists from other Asian countries such as Pakistan and Bangladesh.

Furthermore, patients from richer Asian countries such as Japan and Singapore, visit Malaysia in order to get more savings on healthcare procedures. Meanwhile, Australians, European citizens, and Middle Eastern medical tourists also choose Malaysia for both the quality of healthcare and affordable price. In addition, Malaysia also targets Muslim tourists with its Halal treatments, such as medicines that are not derived from pork.

The Healthcare System in Malaysia

  • The majority of clinics and hospitals offering services to medical tourists in Malaysia are privately-owned healthcare institutions that follow internationally-recognized standards in healthcare.
  • Currently, there are about 35 hospitals and clinics in Malaysia that offer services to medical tourism and are all locally accredited by the MSQH or the Malaysian Medical Society for Quality Health and licensed by the Malaysian Ministry of Health.
  • Most of these hospitals are accredited by international accreditations institutions such as the Joint Commissions International (JCI) and International Organization for Standardizations (ISO) among others, which puts them on par with medical facilities in western countries.
  • In terms of doctors and medical practitioners, Malaysian hospitals and clinics employ internationally trained and English speaking specialists and staffs. As a matter of fact, more than 90 percent of these specialists and doctors were trained in the US, the UK or Australia and with some involved in international medical research.

Treatment Costs In Malaysia

Malaysia is a healthcare destination mostly visited by UK and US patients. The rising cost of healthcare in these countries is attracting more patients to Malaysia. Furthermore, the exchange rate of the currency in Malaysia is quite low, attracting a large number of Westerners to the country.

Patients can make a saving of 60 – 80 percent on medical expenses if they choose to have their medical procedures done in Malaysia.

Top 5 Medical Procedures In Malaysia


  • Endocrinology

One of the leading healthcare treatment in Malaysia, many hospitals and clinics offer Endocrinology procedures such as pediatric endocrinology, thyroidectomy, gynecomastia surgery, and pituitary tumors treatment.


  • Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery


Malaysia offers a complete range of minimally-invasive, non-invasive, or non-surgical procedures medical aesthetic services for face and body enhancements. Such procedures include eyelid surgery, breast augmentation or reduction, chin reduction surgery, liposuction, tummy tuck, facelift, implants, Sex reassignment surgery, and reconstructive plastic surgery.


  • Dentistry


Malaysia houses highly qualified dentists, orthodontists, oral surgeons and periodontists that offer top of the line dental treatments and procedures from bridges, implants, dentures, crowns, filling, tooth bleaching, and cleaning, and dental braces to dental bone graft, cleft lip repair surgery. Flap surgery, wisdom tooth removal. Oral surgery, aesthetic dentistry, endodontic, and maxillofacial surgery.


  • ENT Procedures


Short for Ear, Nose and Throat Procedures, ENT is also popular in Malaysia with clinics and medical centers housing experts in the field. Some of the procedures include Thyroplasty, Goiter removal surgery, septoplasty, Tonsillectomy, Adenoidectomy, Tympanoplasty, Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery or FESS as well as snoring treatments and hearing screening tests.


  • Orthopedics


Malaysia also excels in the field of orthopedics with state-of-the-art facilities and equipment for the highest quality of procedures possible. Experienced doctors and specialist offer a comprehensive range of services including knee, ankle, shoulder, elbow, wrist, and hip replacements, corn removal surgery, Arthroscopic surgery, ACL reconstruction Spinal surgery and limb lengthening.

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Patients With Passports In Mexico

Medical Tourism

Mexico, in recent years, has been a popular destination for US citizens who seek quality healthcare. Its relatively low travel costs and proximity to the US, have been a great draw both for American and Canadian patients. Among them are also the Mexican-Americans who wish to return home to their family doctor or medical practitioner and, of course, to save money.


The Healthcare System in Mexico

According to the World Health Rankings, the Mexican healthcare system is ranked 61st in the world. Currently, Mexico has 7 JCI accredited hospitals and clinics. Several hospitals also boast a CSG Accreditation which is given by the GHCM or General Health Council of Mexico.

Popular for its cosmetic surgery and dentistry, and now adding orthopedic procedures, Mexico features state-of-the-art and advanced facilities with quality care that are comparable to American hospitals. There are even medical packages that offer aftercare and accommodation away from urban areas and much closer to the vibrant and relaxing beaches. Furthermore, waiting times in Mexico are never an issue and usually non-existent.

Mexico’s best clinic and hospitals are based in Mexico City, Monterrey, and Guadalajara. Meanwhile, private clinics that cater to American patients are located across the US border, in cities such as Laredo, Mexicali, and Tijuana.

Medical tourists in Mexico have a face-to-face personal interaction with their surgeon or doctor and are also offered their own private room. Doctors and medical practitioners working at Mexican clinics and hospitals are highly qualified with most of them receiving their education or a part of it in in the United States and other western countries.


Treatment Costs In Mexico

Quality treatment and healthcare are affordable in Mexico when compared to neighboring countries in North America. The prices in Mexico is between 50 – 75 percent lower than US average treatment costs.

Furthermore, a lot of patients who do not have medical insurance also find it easier to avail of the healthcare services in Mexico. The cost of medicines (prescriptions) in Mexico is almost 50% cheaper than Canada and the US.


Top Medical Procedures In Mexico


  • Aesthetic / Cosmetic Surgery


Mexico was initially known for cosmetic and aesthetic surgeries. Mexican doctors offer advanced plastic surgery in a friendly, modern and safe atmosphere. They provide a broad variety of procedures for both men and women including body contouring, breast augmentation or reduction, butt, and facial implants, hair transplants, liposuction, and rhinoplasty.


  • Dentistry


Mexico also helps you to smile with high-quality dental services. From routine fillings and cleanings to dental implants, bridges, crowns to gum surgery, tooth contouring and smile makeovers, Mexico offers the best dentists to take care of your dental health.


  • Weight Loss Treatments


Mexico’s most common weight loss treatment is bariatric surgery which comprises of several kinds of surgeries with the primary function of changing how medical tourists’ bodies absorb food, all for the sake of losing weight.

Other weight loss treatment offered includes panniculectomy, sleeve gastrectomy, gastric banding, IGB or intragastric balloon and gastric bypass.


  • Orthopedics


Most Mexican hospitals also offer both nonsurgical and surgical means to treat congenital disorders, tumors, infections, sports injuries, and musculoskeletal trauma. Mexico has orthopedic surgeons and doctors that perform Arthroscopic, hip, joint and knee, replacement, medical prosthesis, spine surgery, limb lengthening procedures and treating scoliosis, arthritis, osteoporosis, and bone diseases.


  • Cardiovascular Treatment


Mexico is also popular with quality cardiovascular procedures and treatments, including vascular surgery, ECG, heart surgery, Coronary Stenting, Atrial Fibrillation, Artery reconstruction, and coronary artery bypass or CABG.


  • Anti-Aging Treatments


For the patient who wants to look younger, Mexico also proves a great service to high-quality anti-aging treatments such as hormone replacement therapy and facial antioxidant treatment.


  • Fertility Treatments


There are Mexican clinics and hospitals that specialize in reproductive and infertility medicine and include procedures such as IVF or In-Vitro Fertilization, artificial insemination, cryo-preservation for embryos and even egg and sperm donation. They have a team of specialists and gynecologists that were trained in facilities in North America and Europe.


  • Eye Surgery


Mexico is also considered as a prestigious destination for eye problems and issues with highly-qualified ophthalmologists and optometrists that perform LASIK, Intraocular lens implant, phacoemulsification surgery, retinal detachment.

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